Cortisol

Alternate Name: Cortsl

  | Compound F; Hydrocortisone

SAL Code:

714

CPT:

82533

Loinc:

9812-9

Turn Around Time:

1 Day

Setup:

Daily

Units:

ug/dL

Department:

Endocrinology

Specimen Requirements:

Primary Tube:

SST

Primary Substance:

Serum

Temperature

Period

Stable Ambient:

4 Days

Stable Fridge:

7 Days

Stable Frozen:

30 Days

Rejection Criteria:

Improper labeling

Clinical Info:

Determine glucocorticoid status. A cortisol test may be used to help diagnose Cushing syndrome, a condition associated with excess cortisol, or to help diagnose adrenal insufficiency or Addison disease, conditions associated with deficient cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone that plays a role in the metabolism of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates, among other functions. Normally, the level of cortisol in the blood rises and falls in a "diurnal variation" pattern, peaking early in the morning, then declining throughout the day and reaching its lowest level about midnight. The adrenal glands produce cortisol and the hypothalamus in the brain and the pituitary gland regulate the production. Blood cortisol testing evaluates both protein-bound and free cortisol while urine and saliva testing evaluate only free cortisol. Additional or alternative cortisol testing might include: Cortisol, AM (SAL# 790), cortisol, PM (SAL# 791) or cortisol, urinary free (SAL# 10034).

Additional Information:

The time of sample collection must be considered when interpreting results due to the cortisol secretion circadian rhythm. Severe stress can also give rise to elevated cortisol levels. Serum cortisol concentrations normally show a diurnal variation. 3 Maximum concentrations are usually reached early in the morning and then concentrations decline throughout the day to an evening level that is about half of the morning concentration; therefore, for interpretation of results, it is important to know the collection time of the serum sample. The cortisol status determines the function or malfunction of the adrenal gland, the pituitary, and the hypothalamus. Thereby, cortisol serum concentrations are used for monitoring several diseases with an overproduction (eg, Cushing syndrome) or underproduction (eg, Addison disease) of cortisol and for monitoring several therapeutic approaches (eg, dexamethasone suppression therapy in Cushing syndrome and hormone replacement therapy in Addison disease).

Sample Collection:

Collect patient samples using standard phlebotomy techniques. Click here for additional collection instructions.

Test Information:

Components: